10 Important Cryptocurrencies Other Than Bitcoin

Tether often acts as a medium when traders move from one cryptocurrency to another. However, some people are concerned that Tether isn’t safely backed by dollars held in reserve but instead uses a short-term form of unsecured debt. The company that manages the peg is expected to maintain reserves in order to guarantee the cryptocurrency’s value.

What Are All the Different Types of Cryptocurrency

After reading this guide, you should be much more familiar with the most popular cryptocurrencies when it comes to both trading and technology, and the different types of cryptocurrency that exist. You know how they are different from one another, and you understand some of the pros and cons of each. Somewhat later to the crypto scene, Cardano is notable for its early embrace of proof-of-stake validation.

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Further, you can often wait until it is listed on a major exchange and then buy it. I strongly suggest only seriously entertaining the top say 100 coins by market cap. Regulation Regulation refers to the laws and regulations that govern the use of cryptocurrency.

What Are All the Different Types of Cryptocurrency

But, as with other digital assets, this crypto platform has also faced regulatory hurdles here and abroad. Bitcoin was designed to be independent of any government or central bank. Instead, it relies on blockchain technology, a decentralized public ledger that contains a digital record of every Bitcoin transaction.

Ethereum (ETH)

Because each individual’s situation is unique, a qualified professional should always be consulted before making any financial decisions. Investopedia makes no representations or warranties as to the accuracy or timeliness of the information contained herein. types of cryptocurrency exchanges As of Sep. 18, 2022, Dogecoin’s market capitalization was $7.9 billion, and one DOGE was valued at around $0.06, making it the 10th-largest cryptocurrency. XRP is the native token for the XRP Ledger, created as a payment system by Ripple in 2012.

  • Ethereum — the name for the cryptocurrency platform — is the second name you’re most likely to recognize in the crypto space.
  • Some altcoins have been endorsed as having newer features than Bitcoin, such as the ability to handle more transactions per second or use different consensus algorithms such as proof of stake.
  • Recently, meme-loving Tesla CEO Elon Musk has helped push Dogecoin higher with Twitter chatter about the crypto.
  • It can also be traded or exchanged for other forms of cryptocurrency, such as Ethereum or Bitcoin.
  • Ethereum, for instance, is regarded as the most popular altcoin.

Launched in March 2020, Solana is a newer cryptocurrency and it touts its speed at completing transactions and the overall robustness of its “web-scale” platform. The issuance of the currency, called SOL, is capped at 480 million coins. Originally created as a joke after the run-up in Bitcoin, Dogecoin takes its name from an internet meme featuring a Shiba Inu dog.

Even those who have never dealt with crypto know and have heard about Bitcoin because it is the most famous form of cryptocurrency. This way, Bitcoin does not need to rely on third parties like your credit card issuer or local bank to verify transactions. This ledger then lets people prove that they own Bitcoins they want to use. Then there can be better fraud protection instead of dealing with unapproved tampering regarding the currency. This decentralized currency can also let people conduct peer-to-peer money transfers. You can expect inexpensive and superfast transactions that will make traditional currency exchange look like a thing of the past.


So, basically, the blockchain of Litecoin used to be a part of Bitcoin’s blockchain, but it split when the Litecoin update was offered. So, it’s very similar https://xcritical.com/ but it has different features to Bitcoin. As we mentioned in the section on altcoins, there are hundreds of variations on Bitcoin in existence today.

What Are All the Different Types of Cryptocurrency

The word Ether represents the measurement of units of the coins. Cryptocurrency has emerged as a revolutionary technology that has disrupted the traditional financial industry. It is a digital or virtual currency that uses cryptography for security and operates independently of a central bank.

Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDC)

Founded in 2013 and inspired by a dog meme from the same year, Dogecoin first made a name for itself in 2021, and now has a market worth of 8.4 billion euro, as of October, 2022. Dogecoin is a Litecoin fork, and like Bitcoin, is based on blockchain technology. However, unlike Bitcoin, it has no set limit of available coins. On the one hand, this enables people all over the world to mine unlimited Dogecoins.

Coins are built on their own blockchain and were originally intended as a form of currency. Generally, any blockchain-based cryptocurrency that is not Bitcoin is referred to as an altcoin . • As assets, cryptocurrencies are generally stored in digital wallets, commonly a blockchain wallet, which allows users to manage and trade their coins. More than 200 meme coins have been created since Dogecoin first launched. But while fun to conceptualize, meme coins can fall as quickly as they rise.

popular types of cryptocurrency and how they work

In this case, each coin is backed by an equivalent number of US dollars, which keeps it from experiencing the same kind of pricing volatility that other cryptocurrencies face. There is however, some debate about whether it truly is fully backed by the dollar. The Bitcoin network (capital “B” refers to the network and technology, lowercase “b” refers to the actual currency, bitcoin) is open-sourced, fully decentralized, fully transparent, and completely public. Anyone in the world can view the source code – it does not require a central authority to verify or process transactions – and anyone can view the bitcoin ledger at any time. Users can spend their digital assets to purchase products and services. These can include digital asset products such as NFTs but may also include things beyond the blockchain ecosystem like tickets to real world experiences or the deed to a real world asset.

These stablecoins use algorithms to control their supply and thus maintain their price peg. An example is TerraUSD , which was originally pegged at $1 by creating and destroying a sister coin called Luna. Every time TerraUSD was bought or sold, a respective amount of its sister token, Luna, was created or destroyed. The world of cryptocurrency is much bigger today, with a variety of coins and tokens with use cases that go well beyond being a medium of exchange. Companies may use security tokens to raise capital by selling equity tokens.

Built into every point-of-sale system is the capability to accept digital assets as tender. Eventually, you will spend digital assets on everything from clothing to cars. Digital assets that meet the definition of a security or financial investment, like stocks and bonds. More so, if you are “just starting out” then Bitcoin and Ethereum are probably the two most sensible picks. They are the most commonly traded for other coins and the top 2 by market cap.

As a result, many people consider cryptocurrencies to be a short-lived fad or speculative bubble. Cryptocurrencies have become a popular tool with criminals for nefarious activities such as money laundering and illicit purchases. The case of Dread Pirate Roberts, who ran a marketplace to sell drugs on the dark web, is already well known. Cryptocurrencies have also become a favorite of hackers who use them for ransomware activities. If you find a cryptocurrency that doesn’t fall into one of these categories, you’ve found a new category or something that needs to be investigated to be sure it’s legitimate. A defining feature of cryptocurrencies is that they are generally not issued by any central authority, rendering them theoretically immune to government interference or manipulation.

At Bankrate we strive to help you make smarter financial decisions. While we adhere to stricteditorial integrity, this post may contain references to products from our partners. Brian Beers is the managing editor for the Wealth team at Bankrate.

Why are there so many cryptocurrencies?

The information provided is not meant to provide investment or financial advice. The expanded Crypto Assets and Cyber Unit will continue to leverage the agency’s expertise to ensure that investors are protected in the crypto markets. Launched in January 2019, WBTC was designed to bring the liquidity of bitcoin to Ethereum. In the 18 months following its launch, users converted more than $800 million of Bitcoin into WBTC. The SHIB coin was launched in 2020 with a fixed 1 quadrillion supply — nearly 50% of which has already been burned or donated — which has kept the market price low . The cap on the number of coins has also given the price somewhere to go, if demand should rise.

The cryptocurrencies modeled after Bitcoin are collectively called altcoins, and in some cases, shitcoins, and have often tried to present themselves as modified or improved versions of Bitcoin. Though some of these currencies may have some impressive features that Bitcoin does not, matching the level of security that Bitcoin’s networks achieve largely has yet to be seen by an altcoin. The answer to this question depends on why it is that you’re asking it, in the first place.

The Different Types Of Cryptocurrency: Understanding The Market

ADA, the native coin of the Cardano network, is used to facilitate transactions and execute smart contracts. It operates on the Ethereum, Stellar, Algorand, and Solana blockchains. USDC was initially created by the Centre consortium, which includes its two main founding members, Circle and Coinbase.

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